Common health problems in senior Canines
The pace of life is swift, particularly when you’re a pet. The playful puppy that was brought home at the mercy of the Humane Society only a few years ago is transformed into a mature old age in just a flash of the eye. In the meantime, the field of veterinary medicine has advanced as well as our ability to detect and treat certain of the most prevalent diseases that can be found in dogs.
As the field of veterinary medicine has advanced and so has our ability to detect and manage diseases. Here are five senior dog illnesses that you should be aware of.
When does my dog become a “Senior”?
While conventional wisdom says that a dog’s age times 7 equals the age of a human being but the reality is that the rate at which a dog’s age varies according to their size. Large breeds such as Great Danes could have an estimated lifespan of under 10 years however an eight-pound Chihuahua might live beyond 18. A more precise guideline can be that dogs could be considered to be senior in the final quarter (25 percent) of their estimated lifespan.
Joint disease is a part of aging as the cartilage that covers joints wears away over time. While this process is not able to be reversed, dog owners have a variety of options to lessen the effects of aging on joints as well as arthritis in dogs.
The first step is to ensure that your pet is of ideal weight. Dogs that are overweight have significantly more weight on their joints. This can affect canines of all breeds, however, it is more evident for large breed dogs that might already have a genetic tendency to ailments such as hip dysplasia. Also, ensure that your dog has regular check-ups to identify early signs of joint diseases. Learn about the symptoms of joint diseases as well — such as resistance to climbing stairs, stiffness particularly early in the day, as well as a limp to mention some. The last thing to do is consult your vet for therapeutic pet food. Certain diets are designed to enhance joint mobility and health.
#2. Dental Disease
The most frequently diagnosed disease in canines, dental disease is seen across all sizes and breeds of dogs. If not treated, periodontal disease can cause tooth loss, pain, and bacterial infections in the bloodstream which can cause damage to internal organs.
Dental care at home, such as brushing and treats for the mouth can aid in reducing tartar on teeth, as do specialized foods that are designed to improve dental health. When dental diseases have developed, However, complete anesthetized cleaning of the teeth at the veterinarian clinic is recommended. Get started early, prior to when severe periodontal diseases develop.
A majority of canines that live in the United States are classified as overweight or obese, and a lot of owners aren’t aware of they’re doing it. In addition, overweight dogs are prone to a myriad of additional issues like diabetes, joint diseases, and respiratory illnesses.
Controlling calories and exercise are key to controlling the pet’s weight. Senior dogs are typically less active than their younger counterparts and require different calories. The diets for seniors may aid in providing nutrients in the right balance of fat and protein, with different ratios of protein and fats that you’d find in an adult dog’s food. Regular, gentle exercise can be beneficial for pets with medical problems. Talk to your vet to determine an exercise and diet plan that’s right for your dog.
Overweight dogs that have been adhering to a veterinarian-approved weight loss regimen without much success could suffer from hypothyroidism which is a very common condition that causes dogs to have an inefficient metabolism. Fortunately, hypothyroidism is confirmed with a blood test that easily reacted to treatment.
Unfortunately, dogs are prone to many of the diseases that humans are. Lymphoma, bone cancer, and melanoma comprise just some of the cancers often diagnosed in dogs. While there is a significant genetic component that is present in certain breeds such as Golden Retrievers or Boxers the possibility of developing cancer is natural for any dog breed. Early recognition and detection is a crucial factors in surviving cancer in dogs So don’t forget your annual veterinary examinations.